Biography of Anastasio Arango

Military Spanish born in Havana, on 22 February 1772 and died in the same city in 1856.

Son of Feliciano Nunez of the Castillo, soon decided on the arms race, sitting Cadet square in King’s immemorial infantry regiment, on July 20, 1787. In 1788, his battalion was destined to the peninsula, acantonando Toro. His mathematics knowledge served him to devote himself to the teaching of his own comrades and get admission to the weapon of engineers, at the Academy of Barcelona. October 25, 1790 he was promoted to second lieutenant of infantry, and three years later, in Madrid approved the step in your class to the weapon of engineers.

Declared war on the French Republic, he was appointed at his own request to the army of operations of Navarre, where became a division leading towards the Bastan, being slightly wounded on 5 February 1794. For his actions in November of that year, he was promoted to
the job of Lieutenant of engineers, and by the works of fortification that ran in Pamplona earned the rank of captain. After the war he joined the plaza de San Sebastián, until August 4, 1796 he was appointed, at the request of the count of Jaruco, the optional Commission which the Government committed to the brigadier to colonize several important points of Cuba.llego to Santiago de Cuba on 3 February 1797, and was occupied in making the first topographic plans that met the Bay of Nipe and Guantanamaco, and to write a memoir about a general project of territorial defence, very vulnerable due to its proximity to the island of Santo Domingo, in whose French part (Haiti) existed in revolutionary State from the black revolt of 1791.

In September 1798 he moved to Havana, where he addressed a leveling of the soil of the city project to prepare it to receive drinking water pipelines. He worked on countless projects over the next fifteen years. until, already a Lieutenant-Colonel of engineers, he was appoi
nted as Commander of his weapon in 1813 to Western Florida, where repaired most of the works for the defence of the main points. At the end of that same year, promoted to Colonel, he returned to Havana to put at the head of a brigade of engineers official who toured the island to combine an optional plan of his general defense.

In 1819 he was promoted to brigadier and Deputy Inspector of the weapon on the island, dedicated to the study of its fortifications and public works since then. His military writings were the basis of the defense system adopted in 1825. On November 28, 1833 amounted to field marshal, taking up residence permanently in Havana, where he died in 1856. He had three sons – Ricardo, Federico and Anastasio-, and among his decorations were the band of Isabel the Catholic and San Hermenegildo.


PEZUELA, James of the: geographical, statistical, historical dictionary of the island of Cuba. Madrid, 1863.

A Gil Novales.