Biography of Andrés Arango y Núñez del Castillo

Military, politician and Spanish writer born in Havana (Cuba) in 1773 and died in this city in 1865.

Son of Anastasio Arango and Feliciana Nunez of the Castillo. Since childhood he was Cadet white militias of Havana infantry regiment, and fourteen also artillery. Already in Spain, in 1801, he was a square of cadet in the regiment of infantry of Granada. The following year, he continued his studies at the Military Academy of Zamora, ending them in 1804, being then at the Academy of engineers of Alcalá admitted. In 1807 he was promoted to second lieutenant of engineers and he was appointed in practices to Cadiz. Added as an Assistant under the command of the French general Maurin, instructing the French Vanguard entered Portugal in November 1807.

He was there when the people of Madrid rose in arms against
the French army of May 2, 1808. Arango then acted as an effective agent in Lisbon, and got much of the Spanish troops are evadiesen towards Extremadura and Andalucia; it itself, guarded by French detachments in a convent close to the castle of Bethlehem, with a part of their miners, managed to escape with 22 of his men and reach Olivenza June 11, 1808. From there it went to Seville to report to the Board of Supreme of the status of the situation in Portugal.

With the rank of Lieutenant, he was assigned to the force of army engineers who met in Andalusia under the command of general Castaños. He took part in the battles of Mengibar and Bailen, where, because as captain, went to Madrid to organize the army of the Center. It served, then under the command of generals Grimarest and V
enegas
, respectively, taking part in a number of various successful encounters, being then commissioned by the count de Cartaojal to direct some fortifications in Jaén.

He is credited for the translation of the secret history of the Court and Cabinet of Saint Cloud, distributed letters written in Paris in the year 1805 to a Lord of England, Mexico (1808-1809), Seville, Cadiz, La Habana, New York and Manresa (1809), signed by “an American Spanish” translation. In Jaén he married, in March 1810, Dolores de Quesada and Vial, native of Chile and daughter of the counts of Donadio. When the French armies invaded Andalusia, he was assigned in cut and lion Island fortifications. In January 1811, he was promoted to Commander and became the division that he sent in the Serrania de Ronda lieutenant general Francisco Ballesteros; He was taken prisoner by practicing a recognition, and sent to Seville at the disposal of the Marshal Soult. Loc
ked in the building of the Inquisition, he managed to evade the surveillance of their guardians and escape to Cádiz. The Government commissioned him to then the Mission of organizing a weapons factory in the province of Granada, so it was promoted to Colonel.

At the end of the war of independence moved to Madrid, where he was later appointed official of the Indian Ministry, then created. To the be abolished, in 1816, Arango was transferred to the Ministry of war, as head of the section of the Indies. In 1820 he leaned on the side of more moderate Liberals, and supported the provisional Junta Government that was appointed to assist of Fernando VII, and presided over by Cardinal de Bourbon, Archbishop of Toledo.

He was a member of the patriotic society of lovers of the constitutional order since June 7, 1820, and likewise capitalist partner of the Madrid theatres (July 4, 1821), along with hunting, Oliván and Alinari. After the revolt of July 1822, was dismissed by the Ministry of Evaristo San Miguel to the not be held overly declared by the constitutional cause. Though elected Deputy for the city of Havana in 1823, the French invasion forced him, after a brief collaboration with his friend and countryman José Zayas (which was then under the command of the capital), to go to France.

For several years he dedicated to travel on the principal European capitals and to study advances in agriculture and some Sciences. He translated and enriched the part relating to Spain and its former colonies of the historical and geographical Atlas of Lesage, who published then by the count of the houses. In addition, a large number of articles and works on agriculture, chemical and mechanical, in national and foreign magazi
nes and newspapers published Arango.

In 1830 he returned to Madrid. After the death of Fernando VII, and to the creation of the Royal Council of Spain and the Indies, he was appointed Secretary of the overseas section, at the same time that his hometown, La Habana, chose him as representative in the establishment of procurators. After the murder, during the events of 1836, of his cousin, lieutenant general Vicente de Quesada and Arango, he renounced all political office; and they would have to spend many years so that, after being defeated the revolution in July 1856, accepted a post in your municipality and the appointment of Senator of the realm. Yours seems to be the reference made by Mr. Marqués of San Felipe and Santiago. Opinion… on the occasion of the cause against D. Manuel Fernández Valladares, comprising the military Commission on the island of Cuba (Madrid, 1848).

Arango was also a lucky man of business. In the 1940s was able to buy, good price and bushels, falling land between
the gate of Bilbao and Recoletos, then on the outskirts of the Court. There he created a summer residence, known as the Chilean, and speculated with remarkable gain with the lots of what would become the neighborhood of Chamberí and paseo de la Castellana. As well as the translation of the dictionary of Lesage, Arango published in Madrid in 1858 the Catechism of agriculture, written in German by the famous doctor Hamm farmer, and translated into Spanish by D. Andrés de Arango, Commissioner regio of agriculture and member of the jury of the agricultural exhibition of 1857, added with a technical Word dictionary and the reduction of our measures to the metric system. Dedicated to Spanish farmers of both worlds. In addition, between 1832 and 1834, he collaborated along with his nephew Alejandro Oliván in a newspaper who both edited in Madrid entitled the industry weekly.

Bibliography

PEZUELA, JAMES OF THE. Geogra
phic, statistical, historical dictionary of the island of Cuba. (Madrid, 1863.)

MORANGE, CLAUDE. “Who financed the echo of Padilla and the independent?”, in three years vol. 8 (November 1986).

The echo of Padilla. (London, 1821).

PALAU Y DULCET, ANTONIO. Handbook of Hispanic bookseller. (Barcelona, 1948-1977.)

A GIL NOVALES.