Military and Guatemalan politician, President of Guatemala between 1970 and 1974, born on July 17, 1918 in Barberana (Santa Rosa) and died on December 6, 2003, in Guatemala City.
Graduated from the Academia Militar de Guatemala in 1939, Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio was Undersecretary of defense from 1957 to 1958, and between 1966 and 1967 directed with severity the campaign against peasant guerrillas in the area of Zacapa and the Sierra de las Minas. Military at the Embassy of Guatemala in Washington and Ambassador to Nicaragua under the chairmanship of j. C. MÃ©ndez Montenegro (1966-1970), who had decided to remove him from the counterinsurgency fight was twice added. Resigned from this post in 1969, and in the presidential elections of March 1970 the general Arana Osorio attended as a joint candidate of the movement
for national liberation (MLN), he was member, and the democratic institutional party (PID), both from Istvan party. Spider won 43% of the votes, followed by the candidate of the ruling Revolutionary Party, centrist Mario Fuentes Pieruccini (35%), and Colonel Jorge Lucas Caballero, by the Christian Democrats (22%). After winning the parliamentary vote, mandatory by not have reached 50%, no candidate took the head of State on July 1.
Spider announced its strong commitment to ending violence, reigning since 1966, according to his campaign slogan, “Law and order” in the inaugural speech. However, the attacks, both extreme right and extreme left, enforced disappearances and the harsh repression of the security forces occurred throughout his tenure. The 22 November 1970 spider decreed the State of siege which, in their uprising, a year later, had not relieved at all the general climate of violence and insecurity.
Fully identified with the American designs of anti-communist struggle in Central America,
Guatemala voted, together with other related States of the continent, against the income of the People’s Republic of China in the United Nations (October 1971).
Following elections on March 3, 1974, if it should be even more polluted by violence and allegations of fraud to the 1970, he returned to impose the candidate of MLN-PID, the general K. e. Laugerud GarcÃa, whom spider crossed the presidential sash on 1 July.