Biography of Francisco Arango y Parreño

Politician and Cuban Economist, born in Havana on May 22, 1765 and died in the same city on March 21, 1837, which was one of the leading figures of the Cuban artwork.


Hidalga and well-to-do family, were his parents Ciriaco Arango, Royal Ensign of the Ayuntamiento de la Habana, and Julia Parreño. He studied humanities up to fourteen years in the colegio Seminario de San Carlos de La Habana and graduated Bachelor of laws in the Faculty of law of the city to the twenty-first. In 1787, with the title of lawyer, he went to Spain as representative in Havana, earning, thanks to a series of resolutions favourable to the interests represented in Madrid, the Royal Decree of February 24, 1789, that slave trade declared free. Root of the black revolt in Haiti in 1791, wrote a memoir advocating the subject to special la
ws of kinds of color in Cuba.

In 1792 he published his discourse on the Agriculture of Havana and media encourage it, which proposed the creation of a joint promotion and commercial court and suggested the appointment of a Committee of experts that examine the more advanced systems in the production of sugar in order to adopt them in the Spanish possessions. The own Arango and the count de Casa Montalvo were designated by the Government for the research trip.

At the same time creating the Royal Consulate of Havana that Arango was elected its first trustee, with annex born Censor of the raised Court charge; In addition, and as a prize to their industriousness, was rewarded with the salary and honours from Minister of the audience of Santo Domingo. The trip taken by some English colonies and the United States, brought Arango remarkable information about mills and new cultivation systems designs, as well as the first seeds of so-called shank of Otahiti, better quality and more abundant than the of it
s kind juice. Since then become one of the most important partners of the policy of promoting general captains such as Luis de las Casas, the count of Santa Clara and the Marqués de Someruelos-driven in Cuba.

In 1803 he left for the island of Santo Domingo as a Commissioner of the Government to investigate the problems derived from the Alliance with France; He then made a detailed memory that deserved public praise of the own Someruelos, who proposed to Arango a seat on the Council of Indies and the Intendency of Havana, but you could only get then, the cross of Carlos III number.

As Advisor of pastures and City Hall – charge linked to its family-Royal Ensign, he denounced abuses and tried to oppose the payment of rights that Godoy sent to collect for himself as “protector of
the trade”. Also, wrote in 1805, a report about the evils and remedies which has the bouquet of tobacco, where he complained about the vices of the Royal factory, and, three years later, in 1808, promoted a record in the Consulate on the media that needed to be taken to bring to agriculture and trade in the trouble that were on the island of Cuba.

After meeting in the island, the 17 July 1808, the rise of Spain against the French, Arango urged Someruelos follow the peninsular and install in Havana a Governing Board, who serve as an advisory body to the captain general. This idea, although it not gelled by excessive suspicion that surrounded it, was supported by a Memorial signed by leading firms of that city. Also collaborated Arango with substantial donations to some urgent costs imposed by the situation of war and founded, exclusively at his expense, the public library of the capital and a College of Humanities in Guines, which is taught for free to the poor.

Arango established in 1811 the cod
e of Cádiz in Cuba, and with him the freedom of the press, collaborated in the creation and drafting of the Patriot American, from whose pages are fought the abuses of the law and overseas administration, until the demise of the weekly mid-1812. Months later, he was elected Deputy for Havana in the ordinary courts of 1813 and, on July 14 of that year, he embarked for Spain.

Dissolved the Congress, and the constitutional system in May 1814, Arango became part of the Council of the Indies, from which influenced the nomination of Alejandro Ramírez as Mayor of Havana. The collaboration between the two would emerge later two important measures: the factory of tobaccos (1817) which eliminated in Cuba and which definitely opened the ports of the island to foreign markets (1818).

In 1816 he married Arango in Madrid Rita Quesada, daughter of the counts of the Donadio, who gave him five children, four males and one female.

after which he move
d to Cuba as a Commissioner for the arrangement of tariffs governing there; In addition, he was appointed first umpire of the mixed court formed in Havana after the Treaty with England for the Suppression of the slave traffic.

In 1820, when he returns to Spain the constitutional system, Arango was named State Councillor, who did not occupy for having prevented travel to the Peninsula private affairs. Reinstated absolutism, and although annulled his appointment of Adviser of State, Fernando VII awarded him March 2, 1824, with the great cross of Isabel the Catholic, and conferred the general Superintendency of finance, position he accepted giving up salary and serving it as in Commission until its owner arrived.

Shortly thereafter, it devoted to private life, limiting their public action to serve with their reports of Adviser of the Cuban authorities. After the death of the Spanish monarch, the Crown appointed him as one of the first me
mbers of the newly created constituency of heroes of the realm, and although he wanted to return to Spain to receive such a high honor his State of health was delaying the trip until his death on March 21, 1837.



The monthly newspaper El campus de La Habana, at number 20, corresponding to October 1838, together with a biography of Arango, gives a list of his major works. They are as follows.

-Discourse on the Agriculture of Havana and encourage it (1792)-project of a journey of investigation by France, England and its colonies. Defense of this project (1793).-relation who made the journey to these parts with Mr. Conde Montalvo (1794)-report on the incalculable damage that result from the exclusive privilege granted to sugar refineries established in the Metropolis (London, 1794)-useful news to our agriculture and trade (France, 1794?).-Their proposals made at the Consulate, in his capacity as trustee, on
roads, establishment of vendutas, house insurance, introduction of snow, etc.-report on the evils and remedies that have the tobacco industry on the island of Cuba. (Written in 1805 and printed in 1812).-in the file on the media report that they agreed to taken to remove the agriculture and trade of the State in which they were in 1808 (1808)-representation to the Cortes generales on behalf of corporations of Havana, against propositions of Argüelles y Alcocer, traffic of black members. (Written in 1811 and printed in Madrid in 1814).-economic maxims on colonial trade, presented in 1816 to the Council of Indies.-agreements of the city of Havana pursuant to the Decree of 14 February 1810, calling the Americas to the courts (1810).-the impartial public of the island. Brochure published in Havana in 1821 fending off various recriminations that made him. In 1812 he published another with the same aim. -Observations on the political trial of the island of Cuba for the Baron of Humboldt-reports to the Council of