Colombian poet, founder of the RenterÃa. Gonzalo Arango Arias was born in Andes (Antioquia) and died in Tocancipa (Cundinamarca). He was the youngest of thirteen children of a conservative family, and completed his secondary studies in Liceo AntioqueÃ±o. He entered the University of Antioquia to study law, race abandoned for three years. Provocative, outrageous, and gritty style, he managed to give the RenterÃa national resonance. He started as a literature critic in the newspaper El Colombiano and formed part of the National Constituent Assembly as an alternate. He joined national action movement, led at the time by former President general Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in 1953. After the fall of Rojas Pinilla, he was forced to leave Medellin, and took refuge in Cali, where he dedicated himself to the greatest work of his life: the RenterÃa. The first expression of this ideology un
veiled it in 1958 in its manifest nadaÃsta. It aims to “examine and review everything that is enshrined as a lovable by the prevailing order”. Do not leave an unbroken faith, nor an idol on your website”. In reality, rather than the content itself of its writing, which led to the RenterÃa to fame national were the events organized to make it known: symbolic burnings, sacrilege in the Cathedral of Medellin, etc. Ideology fellow symbolically burnt on two occasions: the first, in the city of Cali in 1963 bridge Ortiz, because Gonzalo accused the RenterÃa of despair nihiquilista and defeatist, and another in 1968, because Arango had praised President Carlos Lleras Restrepo as a poet of action. As a journalist, Gonzalo Arango Arias collaborated on the new press (1963-1964), the daily El Tiempo (1968-1969) and the magazine Cromos (1966-1967). Occasionally this poet also wrote in the Corno Emplumado of Mexico and Zona Franca de Venezuela. Along with Jaime Jaramillo Escobar, published eight issues of the
magazine RenterÃa 70. He was also author of novels, memoirs of a prisoner nadaÃsta (1991) and after the man, text that was cremated in the famous burning of books organized by the nadaistas. With respect to works of theatre, attributed nothing under the ceiling, HK-11 (1960) and the mice are going to hell and the consecration of nothing (1964). Among his short stories it is worth mentioning sex and saxophone (1963). In Chronicles, essays and newspaper articles to Gonzalo Arango Arias is attributed prose to read in the electric chair (1966). Correspondence and manifestos by this author are the following titles: Manifesto nadaÃsta (1958), the red shirts (1959), the manifesto of the Catholic scribes (1961), the message to the scholars of the language (1962), the terrible 13 manifiesto nadaÃsta (1967), Boom against Pum Pum and raped correspondence (1980). In addition to published two anthologies of the nadaistas: 13 poetas nadaistas (1963) and nothing to the RenterÃa (1963). Gonzalo Arango Arias di
ed in a car crash on the road to Santa Fe from Bogota-tunja.
COLLAZOS, Oscar, “RenterÃa”. In: History of Colombian poetry, BogotÃ¡, Ediciones Casa Silva, 1991.
ESCOBAR, Eduardo, Gonzalo Arango, BogotÃ¡, Procultura, 1990.