Biography of Pedro Eugenio Aramburu

Military and politician born in Río Cuarto in Córdoba province, on May 21, 1903, Argentine, son of Carlos Aramburu Núñez and Leocadia Cilveti. He studied at the military College of the nation between 1919 and 1922 and later in the Superior School of war. For years was an officer loyal to the Government of general Juan Domingo Perón, but later joined forces with those who overthrew him with the coup d ‘ état September 16, 1955. In this military movement Aramburu appeared as a member of the less forgiving wing towards the supporters of the deposed government. In November of the same year participated in the overthrow of the President emerged from the same coup, general Lonardi, representative of the moderate wing ready to negotiate with peronism, and s
ucceeded him as interim President of the nation until 1958. During his tenure attempted to eliminate the influence of peronism in various areas of national life, particularly in the trade unions. In this sense, it is important to emphasize the constitutional reform which took place in 1957, in which the changes introduced by peronism in 1949 were eliminated. Also during his administration pursued supporters of Perón and is harshly suppressed a Peronist-inspired military uprising led by general Juan J. Valley, which was executed on June 9, 1956 along with several companions. At the same time, political and trade union militants were shot without trial and clandestinely in a garbage dump in the province of Buenos Aires, and other similar events occurred at some points in the interior of the country. Other government measures implemented by Aramburu is aimed at dismantling propaganda apparatus built by peronism. The case of the return is to former owners of the newspaper La Prensa, major newspaper of national
scope, which had been expropriated by Peron and entrusted to the administration of the General Confederation of labour. During his management Aramburu attempted to also introduce reforms in the economic area that failed, however, to reverse the fundamental indicators of the trade balance of the country, which since Perón’s Government threw every year negative results. Despite its hardness in the Suppression of peronism, Aramburu was part of the core of officers who were looking for a quick return to the institutional regime within the military Government. In 1958 were carried out national elections which themselves winner Dr. Arturo Frondizi, from developmental orientation, so Aramburu left the Presidency of the Republic. In the elections of July 7, 1963, in which was elected as the first Argentine President to Dr. Arturo u. Illia, he participated as a candidate for President of the Republic by the
Union del Pueblo Argentino (Udelpa) and democratic progressive parties, but he obtained a significant number of votes. In 1970 he was kidnapped, condemned and killed by a cell of the guerrilla movement’s orientation Peronist Montoneros, which were unveiled to the public with such an occurrence. His body was discovered on a rural farm in the province of Buenos Aires.

R di Stefano