Biography of Rosa María Aranda Nicolás

Poet, storyteller, playwright and Spanish journalist, born in Zaragoza in 1920 and died in his hometown on September 21, 2005. In addition to grow with remarkable success literature and journalism, he excelled as an athlete in skiing and swimming patterns, and became one of the pioneers in the emancipation of women in contemporary Spain. In recognition of its many merits, his countrymen have dedicated a street in her native Zaragoza.

Came into the world at the heart of the marriage formed by Manuel Aranda – an industrial supporter of the monarchy, which traded with woods and was constantly traveling all over the world – and María Nicolás – a woman of Republican ideology, very fond of reading, instilled her love of books to all his children-. It was the fourth of six siblings.

His childhood and youth were marked by various movements in which,
according to his family, he had the opportunity to learn about the Customs and ways of life of different parts of Spain. Thus, soon became Aragon country Basque, to settle for some time in San Sebastián, where he barely had time to take his first steps before parental businesses are forced to the family to make a new move.

He went, in effect, to Madrid when he was only a young girl, and there, walking time, ended up being partner in childhood and Adolescence of the future Nobel Laureate Camilo José Cela (1916-2002) and, among other young called to become major players in the Spanish culture of the 20th century, the actress Amparo Rivelles (1925)-. By that time, already buoyed by a fledgling creative vocation, the young Rosa María began to frequent the painting Studio occupied by his sister Pilar, where could rub shoulders with artists and intellectuals of the time. He also frequented
the gatherings of the Casablanca and the famous terrace of the Ritz; In addition, came into contact with the leading figures in the world of show business, because his restless father tested fortune as a theatrical entrepreneur.

Manuel Aranda lost lots of money in this business venture, which, added to the political so rarefied atmosphere that it is breathed in Madrid in 1936, advised retreat with yours to Zaragoza. On his return to his hometown, still in full youth, the future writer began work as a clerk at the store run by his family in the capital of Aragon. Then he changed his profession and became a nurse, which allowed him to travel again by Spain, providing their services in different health centres. He sought always to spend long periods on the shores of the Mediterranean, in Levantine land which is confessed always in love (up to the end of developing them into scenarios of many of their fiction texts).

Meanwhile, Rosa María Aranda displayed an intense sport activity which, in the fo
rm of swimming, led her to the Aragonese selection, team with which, representing his countrymen, came to compete in some Championships of Spain. This constant combining intellectual activity with the sport – was also an accomplished skier – would be useful within a few years, when it began to cultivate regular journalism.

Despite being involved in many business activities, sports and social, Rosa María Aranda always found time to devote himself to the cultivation of literature, matter that began as a reader in full childhood, when his mother inculcara you love books. Many years later, when it comes to write his memoirs, the elderly writer reflected so this constant and longstanding relationship with letters that marked his life: “I am a writer by vocation. I started very jovencilla. I have written prose comedies and dramas in verse, magazines daring to vedettes and funny professionals, novels, stories, short and long, poems and newspaper articles with topics for all tastes: soccer, sports, about th
ings that happen every day, interviews with famous people; “I’ve given talks and lectures, I attended gatherings of reading and poetry sessions, round tables”.

In this total surrender to the literary creation – both in the field of fiction and of the non fiction-, it is not surprising that his first foray into the land of the extensive narrative, published under the title of wedding in hell (1942), it immediately reap a significant success among readers that led to his early conversion in a feature film (also applauded by the critics and the public). Encouraged by this good response that she had had as a novelist, Rosa María Aranda decided to step certainly risky and, at the beginning of the 1940s, when still not talked about in Spain traffic drugs, he tackled this complex social scourge in his second novel, titled cabotage (1943). This work also awakened the interest of the Spanish film industry, though, when a production company had acquired the rights to the film, failed to be rolled. And nor wa
s the big screen Tebib (1945), the third extensive narration of the mana writer.

Married to the military and writer Fernando de la Figuera, which was the mother of five children, Nicolás Rosa María Aranda did not take into account the smooth running of your marriage and family life to call into question the institution of marriage in its fourth installment of narrative, a brave and risky novel posted titled eloquent cry (1950). This work, which came to be finalist in five literary contests of great relief in Spanish of mid-20th-century cultural life, was never published due to the rigorous inquisitorial zeal of the Francoist censors, which forced step the zaragozan author to write three different versions of the novel in question. The reason of scandal to the censorship was freedom and clarity with which Aranda was facing the problem of the double of its protagonists crisis, marinated with an abandonment of children and of the marital home, a passionate adulterina affair, and other ingredients dis
turbing – as a tragic suicide–that will enable too transgressors to pacata morals of the Spain nacionalcatolicista and “welfare”.

Despite this and other violent “clashes” with Franco’s censors, Rosa María Aranda continued growing with vigor and enthusiasm the novel genre in which, already sixty, reached a remarkable recognition in the Decade of the eighty, with works such as someone somewhere and tonight and every night, two splendid stories award-winning – respectively – the city of Calatayud (1984) and Constitution (1989) – awards this last issued by the Junta de Extremadura.

Author, in addition, of several poems of notable quality – which include graduates time Crystal and fierce tapeworm-Nicolás Rosa María Aranda also cultivated the brief narrative in different short stories and extensive stories who published some of the literary magazines published by geo-cultural, like the Spanish, readings and literary Estafeta environment. Great Cheerleader of the cultural life of their regi
on, joined with enthusiasm – tenured member – to the Agrupación Artística Aragonesa, and regularly participated in the literary gatherings of Radio Zaragoza, as well as in all forums and discussions of the “workshop of theatre and poetry Miguel Labordeta”, from Zaragoza Ateneo.

His main journalistic work saw the light between the pages of various newspapers and magazines of its regional, as El Noticiero, dawn, sporty Zaragoza and Cierzo.